An initial study on common concrete, titanium dioxide and tungsten dioxide for shielding of a standard external photon beam radiotherapy room

Authors

  • Cecília Borges Moreto
  • Eduardo de Paiva

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54022/shsv5n1-002

Keywords:

radiotherapy, radiation protection, linear accelerator, shielding

Abstract

High-energy ionizing radiations have several applications including the treatment of various types of cancer. Advanced techniques such as IMRT (Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy) and VMAT (Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy) using high-energy photon beams have been largely used for radiation therapy of cancer. An important issue in radiotherapy is the evaluation of the shielding of the walls of the facility room housing a linear accelerator that produces high-energy photon beams. In this study we performed an estimation of the thicknesses of a standard radiotherapy room considering three different materials: common concrete, titanium dioxide (TiO2) and tungsten dioxide (WO2). It is assumed that patients are treated with photon beams of energies varying from 4 to 30 MeV and considering two types of treatments, only conventional and conventional plus IMRT and VMAT treatment. Results have shown an overall growth of thicknesses with energy, workload, area and type of treatment. At 1,000 Gy/week and 30 MeV photon energy the primary barrier thickness using concrete as the shielding material showed to be substantially higher as compared to TiO2 (143%) and WO2 (1,360%). Results have also indicated an overall linear increasing of volumes with the area used to construct the facility room.

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Published

2023-12-28

How to Cite

Moreto, C. B., & de Paiva, E. (2023). An initial study on common concrete, titanium dioxide and tungsten dioxide for shielding of a standard external photon beam radiotherapy room. STUDIES IN HEALTH SCIENCES, 5(1), 13–27. https://doi.org/10.54022/shsv5n1-002