Effect of glass fibers on performance of mortar and concrete


  • Bariza Boukni
  • Mohamed Lyes Kamel Khouadjia
  • Sara Bensalem




wastes, fibers, concrete slump, compressive strength, 3-point bending strength, gwyddion software


The recycling of waste and the reinforcement of concretes and mortars, with fibers are a technique that is increasingly being used to improve their mechanical performance, durability, reduce costs and protect the environment. Glass fibre is one of the most interesting types of fibre to use, as its use reduces the environmental impact of glass fibre waste by offering a recycling process and maintaining its valuable strength properties. This paper focused on the effect incorporating glass fibers at different dosages (0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1%) on the rheological and mechanical properties of mortar and concrete. A wide range of tests were conducted including flow time, concrete slump, compressive strengths, 3-point bending strengths, tensile strengths and microstructural characterization by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). To support the discussion of the results, an analysis of the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) image was carried out using Gwyddion software to study the adhesion between the fibers and the matrix and to analysis the heat flow distribution of fibers in the mortar and concrete matrix. The obtained results showed that the content fibers dosages had a significant effect on the rheological , mechanical properties and on the adhesion of fibers to the matrix of the mortar and concrete , with better behavior in the presence of concrete aggregates. The analysis of the SEM image using Gwyddion software shows that good distribution and the good adhesion of glass fibres in the mortar samples . In contrast, the distribution in the concrete is not regular which does not give a good adhesion to the matrix.


ABDOLLAHNEJAD, Z.; MASTALI, M.; MASTALI, M.; DALVAND, A. Comparative study on the effects of recycled glass–fiber on drying shrinkage rate and mechanical properties of the self-compacting mortar and fly ash–slag geopolymer mortar. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, v. 29, n. 8, p. 04017076, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001918

AHMAD, J.; MANAN, A.; ALI, A.; KHAN, M. W.; ASIM, M.; ZAID, O. A study on mechanical and durability aspects of concrete modified with steel fibers (SFs). Civ. Eng. Archit, v. 8, p. 814-823, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13189/cea.2020.080508

AHMAD, H.; SHEIKH, M. N.; HADI, M. N. Behavior of GFRP bar-reinforced hollow-core polypropylene fiber and glass fiber concrete columns under axial compression. Journal of Building Engineering, v. 44, p. 103245, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2021.103245

ALGUHI, H.; TOMLINSON, D. Crack behaviour and flexural response of steel and chopped glass fibre-reinforced concrete: Experimental and analytical study. Journal of Building Engineering, v. 75, p. 106914, 2023. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2023.106914

AKYÜNCÜ, V. Investigation of mechanical and permeability properties of fiber mortars. Journal of Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, v. 6, n. 1, p. 29-35, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29187/jscmt.2021.57

ALI, B.; QURESHI, L. A. Influence of glass fibers on mechanical and durability performance of concrete with recycled aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, v. 228, p. 116783, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116783

ARSLAN, M. E. Effects of basalt and glass chopped fibers addition on fracture energy and mechanical properties of ordinary concrete: CMOD measurement. Construction and Building Materials, v. 114, p. 383-391, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.03.176

BHARGAVA, V. V. K.; CHARI, K. B.; RAO, V. R. Experimental investigation of M40 grade concrete with supplementary cementitious materials and glass fiber. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 33, p. 519-523, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.05.209

BLAZY, J.; BLAZY, R.; DROBIEC, Ł. Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete as a Durable and Enhanced Material for Structural and Architectural Elements in Smart City—A Review. Materials, v. 15, n. 8, p. 2754, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15082754

BOGUE, R. H. The chemistry of Portland cement . LWW, v. 79, n. 4, p. 322, 1955. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195504000-00014

CHANDRAMOULI, K.; SRINIVASA, R. P.; PANNIRSELVAM, N.; SESHADRI, S. T.; SRAVANA, P. Strength properties of glass fiber concrete. ARPN journal of Engineering and Applied sciences, v. 5, n. 4, p. 1-6, 2010.

CHEN, X.; CHEN, H.; CHEN, Q.; LAWI, A. S.; CHEN, J. Effect of partial substitution of cement with Dolomite powder on Glass-Fiber-Reinforced mortar. Construction and Building Materials, v. 344, p. 128201, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.128201

DREUX, G. AND FESTA, J. Nouveau guide du béton et de ses constitutants. Eyrolles, 1998.

FANG, Y.; CHEN, B.; ODERJI, S. Y. Experimental research on magnesium phosphate cement mortar reinforced by glass fiber. Construction and Building Materials, v. 188, p. 729-736, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.08.153

GANTA, J. K.; RAO, M. S.; MOUSAVI, S. S.; REDDY, V. S.; BHOJARAJU, C. Hybrid steel/glass fiber-reinforced self-consolidating concrete considering packing factor: Mechanical and durability characteristics. Structures, Elsevier, v. 28, p. 956-972, December 2020, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2020.09.042

GHADBAN, A. A.; WEHBE, N. I.; UNDERBERG, M. Effect of Fiber Type and Dosage on Flexural Performance of Fiber-Reinforced Concrete for Highway Bridges. ACI Materials Journal, v. 115, n. 3, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/51702036

GUZLENA, S.; SAKALE, G. Self-healing of glass fibre reinforced concrete (GRC) and polymer glass fibre reinforced concrete (PGRC) using crystalline admixtures. Construction and Building Materials, v. 267, p. 120963, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.120963

JONALAGADDA, K. B.; JAGARAPU, D. C. K.; ELURU, A. Experimental analysis on supplementary cementitious materials with Alkali Resistant glass fibers. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 27, p. 1569-1574, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.209

KAPLAN, G.; COSKAN, U.; BENLI, A.; BAYRAKTAR, O. Y.; KUCUKBALTACI, A. B. The impact of natural and calcined zeolites on the mechanical and durability characteristics of glass fiber reinforced cement composites. Construction and Building Materials, v. 311, p. 125336, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125336

KASAGANI, H.; RAO, C. B. K. Effect of graded fibers on stress strain behaviour of Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete in tension. Construction and Building Materials, v. 183, p. 592-604, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.06.193

KHAN, M.; ALI, M. Use of glass and nylon fibers in concrete for controlling early age micro cracking in bridge decks. Construction and Building Materials, v. 125, p. 800-808, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.08.111

KIZILKANAT, A. B.; KABAY, N.; AKYÜNCÜ, V.; CHOWDHURY, S.; AKÇA, A. H. Mechanical properties and fracture behavior of basalt and glass fiber reinforced concrete: An experimental study. Construction and Building Materials, v. 100, p. 218-224, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.006

KUMAR, D.; REX, L. K.; SETHURAMAN, V. S.; GOKULNATH, V.; SARAVANAN, B. High performance glass fiber reinforced concrete. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 33, p. 784-788, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.06.174

LIU, J.; JIA, Y.; WANG, J. Experimental study on mechanical and durability properties of glass and polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete. Fibers and Polymers, v. 20, p. 1900-1908, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-019-1028-9

MADHKHAN, M.; KATIRAI, R. Effect of pozzolanic materials on mechanical properties and aging of glass fiber reinforced concrete. Construction and Building Materials, v. 225, p. 146-158, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.128

MAHDI, R. S. Experimental study effect of using glass fiber on cement mortar. Journal of Babylon University/Engineering Sciences, v. 22, n. 1, p. 162-181, 2014.

MARCIN, M.; JACKOWSKI, M.; ŁASICA, W.; KADELA, M.; WACHOWSKI, M. Mechanical and material properties of mortar reinforced with glass fiber: An experimental study. Materials, v. 14, n. 3, p. 698, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14030698

MOHAJERANI, A.; VAJNA, J.; CHEUNG, T. H. H.; KURMUS, H.; ARULRAJAH, A.; HORPIBULSUK, S. Practical recycling applications of crushed waste glass in construction materials: A review. Construction and Building Materials, v. 156, p. 443-467, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.09.005

OKEOLA, A. A.; ABUODHA, S. O.; MWERO, J. Experimental investigation of the physical and mechanical properties of sisal fiber-reinforced concrete. Fibers, v. 6, n. 3, p. 53, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/fib6030053

OROUJI, M.; ZAHRAI, S. M.; NAJAF, E. (). Effect of glass powder & polypropylene fibers on compressive and flexural strengths, toughness and ductility of concrete: an environmental approach. Structures, Elsevier, v. 33, p. 4616-4628, October 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.istruc.2021.07.048

PARASHAR, A. K.; GUPTA, A. Investigation of the effect of bagasse ash, hooked steel fibers and glass fibers on the mechanical properties of concrete. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 44, p. 801-807, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.10.711

RUBEN, N.; VENKATESH, C.; DURGA, C. S. S.; CHAND, M. S. R. Comprehensive study on performance of glass fibers-based concrete. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions, v. 6, n. 2, p. 112, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41062-021-00490-4

SANJEEV, J.; NITESH, K. S. Study on the effect of steel and glass fibers on fresh and hardened properties of vibrated concrete and self-compacting concrete. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 27, p. 1559-1568, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.208

SBIA, L. A.; PEYVANDI, A.; SOROUSHIAN, P.; BALACHANDRA, A. M.; SOBOLEV, K. Evaluation of modified-graphite nanomaterials in concrete nanocomposite based on packing density principles. Construction and building materials, v. 76, p. 413-422, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.12.019

TASSEW, S. T.; LUBELL, A. S. Mechanical properties of glass fiber reinforced ceramic concrete. Construction and Building Materials, v. 51, p. 215-224, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.10.046

THANUSHAN, K.; YOGANANTH, Y.; SANGEETH, P.; COONGHE, J. G.; SATHIPARAN, N. Strength and durability characteristics of coconut fibre reinforced earth cement blocks. Journal of Natural Fibers, v. 18, n. 6, p. 773-788, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15440478.2019.1652220

XIAOCHUN, Q.; XIAOMING, L.; XIAOPEI, C. The applicability of alkaline-resistant glass fiber in cement mortar of road pavement: Corrosion mechanism and performance analysis. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, v. 10, n. 6, p. 536-544, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijprt.2017.06.003

WANG, W. C.; WANG, H. Y.; CHANG, K. H.; WANG, S. Y. Effect of high temperature on the strength and thermal conductivity of glass fiber concrete. Construction and Building Materials, v. 245, p. 118387, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118387

WU, C.; HE, X.; ZHAO, X.; HE, L.; SONG, Y.; ZHANG, X. Effect of fiber content on mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of alkali resistant glass fiber reinforced concrete. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/1531570

YILDIZEL, S. A.; TAYEH, B. A.; CALIS, G. Experimental and modelling study of mixture design optimisation of glass fibre-reinforced concrete with combined utilisation of Taguchi and Extreme Vertices Design Techniques. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, v. 9, n. 2, p. 2093-2106, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.02.083

YUAN, Z.; JIA, Y. Mechanical properties and microstructure of glass fiber and polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete: An experimental study. Construction and Building Materials, v. 266, p. 121048, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121048

ZHOU, B.; ZHANG, M.; WANG, L.; MA, G. Experimental study on mechanical property and microstructure of cement mortar reinforced with elaborately recycled GFRP fiber. Cement and Concrete Composites, v. 117, p. 103908, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2020.103908

ZHU, Z.; ZHANG, C.; MENG, S.; SHI, Z.; TAO, S.; ZHU, D. A statistical damage constitutive model based on the Weibull distribution for alkali-resistant glass fiber reinforced concrete. Materials, v. 12, n. 12, p. 1908, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12121908




How to Cite

Boukni , B., Khouadjia, M. L. K., & Bensalem , S. (2024). Effect of glass fibers on performance of mortar and concrete. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 2509–2528. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-124