Solving inverse problems in magnetic field leakage sensor array inspection of petroleum tank floor


  • Kamel Belkhiri
  • Tarik Bouchala
  • Abdelhak Abdou
  • Abdelhak Abdou
  • Bachir Abdelhadi
  • Amor Guettafi
  • Yann Le Bihan



nondestructive testing, magnetic flux leakage, storage tank floor inspection, defect characterization


The MFL method is a qualitative inspection tool and is a reliable, fast, and economical nondestructive testing method for tank floors. In this paper, before presenting the defect reconstruction procedure, we studied the effect of defect parameters on the magnetic field leakage measured by a single Hall sensor. As predicted, the study of each parameter has demonstrated that any variation in the geometrical parameters of the studied defect induce a significant influence on the MFL signal amplitude and distribution; for this reason, all the defect parameters must be determined precisely and prudently. After that, we have studied the performance of defect shape reconstruction from MFL array sensor imaging and depth estimation while using an iterative inversion method. Indeed, the first stage consists of determining the defect width and length from magnetic flux leakage mapping reconstructed from the recorded signals of the micro-integrated magnetic sensors. As a second step, after coupling Comsol and Matlab software, the defect depth is obtained by coupling the 3D finite elements method and a fast iterative algorithm recently developed. Consequently, the defect shape and size are obtained after a few iterations with a relative error of less than 2%; which makes this method very appropriate for real-time defect reconstruction and quantification. Furthermore, this method of defect reconstruction and seizing can be extended for irregular shape such as cracks and corrosion. In fact, this can be done while subdividing the affected area of non-constant depth into elementary zones of a constant depths. Then, while modifying the previous algorithm, we determine the corresponding depth of each zone. 


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How to Cite

Belkhiri, K., Bouchala, T., Abdou, A., Abdou, A., Abdelhadi, B., Guettafi , A., & Bihan , Y. L. (2024). Solving inverse problems in magnetic field leakage sensor array inspection of petroleum tank floor. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 2492–2508.