Non-destructive rapid defect testing around curved head rivets without displacement of eddy current sensors


  • Merwane Khebal
  • Abdelhak Abdou
  • Tarik Bouchala
  • Abderrahmane Aboura
  • Abdelhadi Bachir
  • Guettafi Amor



eddy currents, multilayers, riveted structures, non-destructive testing imaging, finite element method


In the field of aeronautics, it is essential to ensure the structural integrity of aircraft components. Non-destructive testing (NDT) plays a crucial role in ensuring the safety and reliability of structures used in aeronautics as it enables the detection of defects and imperfections without damaging the inspected parts. Domed head rivets are commonly used in aeronautics to assemble multilayer structures due to their strength and ability to maintain the structural integrity of aircraft. However, inspecting these assembly areas can be challenging and presents unique challenges in terms of non-destructive testing due to the curved surface of the rivet, resulting in lift-off variation during surface scanning and a modification of the trajectory of eddy currents near the rivet. This can lead to changes in the response of eddy currents, complicating the accurate interpretation of test results. In recent years, researchers have focused on developing advanced eddy current testing methods to detect defects in complex structures, such as those found in aeronautics. In this work, we propose a promising solution to address both the shape of the rivet and the probe displacement issue during testing. We have developed a model based on the finite element method (FEM) using COMSOL Multiphysics for non-destructive testing through 3D imaging using a matrix of multiplexed multi-element eddy current sensors distributed over multiple layers around the rivet without the need for the displacement of this matrix and capable of adapting to the variation in the diameter of the domed head rivet. The non-displacement of the sensors eliminates parasitic signals that can lead to errors in the interpretation of obtained signals, and the multiplexed powering of the sensors eliminates the mutual inductance effect between adjacent coils.


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How to Cite

Khebal, M., Abdou, A., Bouchala, T., Aboura, A., Bachir, A., & Amor, G. (2024). Non-destructive rapid defect testing around curved head rivets without displacement of eddy current sensors. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 2040–2062.