Influence of the recycled sand on the cement mortars


  • Berredjem Layachi
  • Bordjiba Abdelhak
  • Molez Laurent
  • Arabi Nourredine



cement mortar, recycled sand, fillers, physical properties, mechanical strength


In construction, a recent direction is to examine and integrate alternative sources of building materials with the goal of substituting the use of natural materials. This transition is encouraged by growing concern among policymakers and researchers regarding the environmental footprint of the construction industry. The incorporation of recycled aggregates into cementitious materials, such as concrete or mortar, results in a deterioration of their mechanical performance and their durability. Scientific studies devoted to recycled concrete have demonstrated that it is affected by the introduction of these recycled aggregates, in particular by the use of recycled sand. The latter is characterized by the presence of significant proportions of hardened cement, particularly that coming from a recycling plant. In this work, we aim to study experimentally the influence of the nature of recycled sand on the properties of cement mortars, substituting natural sand, with different percentages by volume: 0, 15, 30, 40, 50 and 75 %, by two types of recycled sand, one from the crushing of structural concrete and the other from a recycling plant. The mortar mixtures were made from CEM I 52.5 and Sand/Cement ratio = 3. The plasticity of these mortars was kept constant and the recycled sands have been pre-wetted. The comparative study between the different compositions of recycled mortars has shown that the physical and mechanical properties are influenced by the incorporation rate of the recycled sand. Of which, increases in the compressive strengths of recycled mortars were recorded, particularly those based on sand from the crushing of structural concrete, compared to the control mortar based on natural river sand. However, the flexural strengths of the recycled mortars suffered a slight reduction compared to the reference mortar.


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How to Cite

Layachi , B., Abdelhak, B., Laurent , M., & Nourredine, A. (2024). Influence of the recycled sand on the cement mortars . STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 1152–1165.