Enhancing passive cell balancing techniques for electric vehicles


  • Rachad Moumni
  • Idriss Benlaloui
  • Kouider Laroussi
  • Nadir Benalia




State of Charge (SOC), Battery Management System (BMS), cell balancing, Electrical Vehicle (EV), lithium-ion battery


This research endeavors to enhance the efficiency and functionality of electric vehicle (EV) energy storage systems by scrutinizing the state of charge (SOC) across three batteries. Utilizing Matlab Simulink, a comprehensive battery management system (BMS) integrating passive cell balancing techniques has been meticulously devised. Additionally, a pioneering protective mechanism has been proposed to prevent undue discharges and overcharges, thus ensuring the longevity and reliability of EV battery systems. The study's findings underline the significance and applicability of the developed model in facilitating prospective enhancements within the realm of EV energy storage systems. By meticulously analyzing SOC dynamics across multiple batteries, the study offers valuable insights into optimizing battery utilization, prolonging battery lifespan, and enhancing overall system performance. Moreover, the integration of passive cell balancing techniques within the BMS framework represents a noteworthy advancement in battery management strategies. This approach not only promotes uniformity in SOC distribution among battery cells but also minimizes energy losses and mitigates the risk of cell degradation, thereby bolstering the operational efficiency and durability of EV energy storage systems. Furthermore, the proposed protective mechanism serves as a proactive measure to safeguard against potential damage caused by extreme operating conditions, such as overdischarge and overcharge events. By implementing real-time monitoring and control mechanisms, the protective system ensures the safe and reliable operation of EV batteries under varying driving conditions, thereby enhancing both safety and performance aspects. In conclusion, this research contributes to the ongoing efforts aimed at advancing the state-of-the-art in EV energy storage systems, holding immense potential for fostering innovation and driving sustainable progress in the field of electric mobility.


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How to Cite

Moumni, R., Benlaloui, I., Laroussi, K., & Benalia , N. (2024). Enhancing passive cell balancing techniques for electric vehicles. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 1135–1151. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-059