Experimental study on enhancing electrostatic charging of nonwoven filter media through novel electrode configurations

Authors

  • Hanane Boudra
  • Rafik Sayah
  • Abdelkader Benaissa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-082

Keywords:

corona discharge, nonwoven polypropylene filters, electrostatic charging, electrode configuration

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the urgent need for efficient particle filtration to tackle public health challenges. This study compares the electrostatic charging capabilities of two types of electrodes: conventional Metal Lamellar Electrodes (MLE) and Modified Lamellar Plate Electrodes (MLPE) with PMMA insulation, in their role of charging nonwoven polypropylene filter media. Experimental analysis unequivocally demonstrates the superiority of MLPE in promoting effective electrostatic charge, as influenced by applied high voltage and inter-electrode distance, resulting in a significant enhancement in fine particle filtration. Numerical simulations of the electric field conducted using the COMSOL software and employing the Finite Element Method (FEM) validate these findings. FEM discretizes the domain into small finite elements and applies Laplace's equation in charge-free regions, providing a comprehensive understanding of the behavior of dual-electrode corona discharge systems. These simulations indicate higher field intensities for MLPE compared to MLE.By integrating experimental and numerical analyses, this study sheds light on the potential benefits of MLPE for air filtration systems, offering a noteworthy advancement in the control of airborne infections and reduction of environmental health risks. This research lays the groundwork for the development of more efficient and durable filtration systems, meeting the increasing demands for public health protection.The findings of this study suggest that the adoption of MLPE could significantly contribute to improving indoor air quality and mitigating the transmission of respiratory diseases. MLPE may also find utility in industrial filtration and air purification in sensitive work environments. Ultimately, this research sets the stage for the development of more efficient and sustainable filtration systems, addressing the growing needs for public health protection.

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Published

2024-05-06

How to Cite

Boudra, H., Sayah, R., & Benaissa, A. (2024). Experimental study on enhancing electrostatic charging of nonwoven filter media through novel electrode configurations. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 1610–1624. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-082