Experimental study of the mechanical and optical properties of glass-polyester fiber composite based on response surface methodology

Authors

  • Djamila Mokhtar
  • Malika Medjahdi
  • Noureddine Benderdouche
  • Mohammed Amin Chemrak
  • Belaid Mechab
  • Benaouda Bestani
  • Dominique Baillis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-071

Keywords:

greenhouse, glass fiber-polyester, elastic modulus, stress bending, response surface methodology, optimization, transmittance

Abstract

Due to the intricate amalgamation of various components, composite materials boast mechanical properties that surpass those of their constituents. Among these composite materials, glass fiber-reinforced polyester composites emerge as prominent contenders, finding extensive utility, especially in agricultural greenhouse construction. These structures garner significant acclaim for their exceptional ability to withstand adverse weather conditions, ensure prolonged durability, and transmit light efficiently, thus creating optimal growing conditions. Consequently, they have become the favored choice among farmers seeking dependable and sustainable environments for cultivation. Within the scope of this study, we employ Response Surface Methodology (RSM) as a comprehensive tool to delve deeply into the mechanical and optical characteristics inherent in such composite materials. Our investigation is meticulously tailored to unravel the intricate interplay among crucial factors such as fiber content, length, and plate thickness, elucidating their direct impacts on mechanical properties like stress and elasticity modulus. Our rigorous examination reveals that the pinnacle of mechanical performance is attained within a specific range: fiber content ranging from 20% to 40%, fiber lengths spanning 35 to 45 mm, and plate thicknesses measuring between 0.6 to 3 mm. Furthermore, our meticulous analysis of transmittance measurements uncovers an intriguing correlation: thinner thicknesses and lower fiber content correspond with heightened light transmission across the visible spectrum. Conversely, elevating the fiber content or thickness enhances mechanical robustness but concurrently diminishes light transmittance. Thus, achieving a harmonious equilibrium among these attributes becomes imperative for the pragmatic construction of agricultural greenhouses. Additionally, we venture into incorporating ultraviolet (UV) plastic films to augment the optical prowess of these composites, further elevating their efficacy in greenhouse applications. By embarking on this comprehensive investigation, our overarching objective is to propel sustainable farming practices forward by furnishing a nuanced understanding of the multifaceted factors that shape the performance of glass fiber-polyester composites in agricultural greenhouse applications.

References

ABDELLAOUI, Hind et al. Investigation of the deformation behavior of epoxy-based composite materials. Failure Analysis in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites, p. 29–49, 1 jan. 2019. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102293-1.00002-4

BASRI, Ernnie I. et al. Performance analysis of composite ply orientation in aeronautical application of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) NACA4415 wing. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, v. 8, n. 5, p. 3822–3834, 1 set. 2019. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2019.06.044

DAS, Monalisa; SAHU, Sasmita; PARHI, D. R. Composite materials and their damage detection using AI techniques for aerospace application: A brief review. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 44, p. 955–960, 1 jan. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.11.005

FAN, Wei et al. Fatigue behavior of the 3D orthogonal carbon/glass fibers hybrid composite under three-point bending load. Materials & Design, v. 183, p. 108112, 5 dez. 2019. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108112

FASEL, Urban et al. Composite additive manufacturing of morphing aerospace structures. Manufacturing Letters, v. 23, p. 85–88, 1 jan. 2020. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mfglet.2019.12.004

GOUPY, Jacques. Modélisation par les plans d’expériences. Ref : TIP676WEB - “Instrumentation et méthodes de mesure”, 10 set. 2000. Disponível em: <https://www.techniques-ingenieur.fr/base-documentaire/archives-th12/archives-instrumentation-et-methodes-de-mesure-tiarb/archive-1/modelisation-par-les-plans-d-experiences-r275/>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.51257/a-v1-r275

GOUPY, Jacques; CREIGHTON, Lee. Introduction aux plans d’expériences-5e éd.: Toutes les techniques nécessaires à la conduite d’une étude. [S.l.]: Dunod, 2013. https://www.dunod.com/sciences-techniques/introduction-aux-plans-d-experiences-toutes-techniques-necessaires-conduite-d

HATTI, Prashant S. et al. Investigation on tensile behavior of glass-fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite with varying orientations of fibers. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 54, p. 137–140, 1 jan. 2022. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.08.196

IBRAHIM, Nour Chafak Mohamed; SERIER, Boualem; MECHAB, Belaïd. Analysis of the crack-crack interaction effect initiated in aeronautical structures and repaired by composite patch. Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale, v. 12, n. 46, p. 140–149, 23 set. 2018. Disponível em: <https://www.fracturae.com/index.php/fis/article/view/2128>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.3221/IGF-ESIS.46.14

INTERNATIONAL, ASTM. Standard test method for flexural properties of polymer matrix composite materials. [S.l.]: ASTM International, 2015. Disponível em: <https://www.astm.org/d7264_d7264m-21.html>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1520/D7264_D7264M-21

KHERROUB, Djamal Eddine; BOUHADJAR, Larbi; MEDJAHDI, Malika. Development of novel conductive copolymer based on furan with improved solubility and thermal properties. Journal of Molecular Structure, v. 1225, p. 129174, 5 fev. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2020.129174

KISHORE, Chandra et al. Analysis of carbon fiber reinforced with resin epoxy using FEM analysis. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 46, p. 11129–11139, 1 jan. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.02.334

KUMARI, Lakshmi; KAR, Asit Kumar. Tuning the optical properties of ZnO nanorods by variation of precursor concentration through hydrothermal method. AIP Conference Proceedings, v. 1953, n. 1, 8 maio 2018. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5032493

MECHAB, BelaÏd et al. Steel and Composite Structures. Steel and Composite Structures, v. 20, n. 6, p. 1173, 30 abr. 2016. Disponível em: <http://techno-press.org/content/?page=article&journal=scs&volume=20&num=6&ordernum=1>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.12989/scs.2016.20.6.1173

MEDJAHDI, Malika et al. Development of a Hydrophobic Carbon Sponge Nanocomposite for Oil Spill Cleanup. Materials 2022, Vol. 15, Page 8389, v. 15, n. 23, p. 8389, 25 nov. 2022. Disponível em: <https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/15/23/8389/htm>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15238389

MICHAEL, Zeno et al. Deformation and failure behavior of hybrid composite laminates made of Glass Epoxy and woven Kevlar Epoxy. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 46, p. 1618–1625, 1 jan. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.07.253

MOKHTAR, Djamila et al. An experimental investigation to predict the durability of polyester-glass fiber composite subjected to tensile loading. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, v. 5, n. 1, p. 619–633, 21 mar. 2024. Disponível em: <https://ojs.studiespublicacoes.com.br/ojs/index.php/sees/article/view/3313>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-035

MORINEAU, Alain (1940-....).; CHATELIN, Yves-Marie. L’analyse statistique des données : apprendre, comprendre et réaliser avec Excel : cours et exercices. [S.l.]: Ellipses, 2005. . Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://www.amazon.com/Analyse-statistique-donnees-apprendre-comprendre/dp/2729823034

MUTHALAGU, R. et al. Tensile attributes and material analysis of kevlar and date palm fibers reinforced epoxy composites for automotive bumper applications. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 46, p. 433–438, 1 jan. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.09.777

PAN, Yunfeng; YAN, Dongming. Study on the durability of GFRP bars and carbon/glass hybrid fiber reinforced polymer (HFRP) bars aged in alkaline solution. Composite Structures, v. 261, p. 113285, 1 abr. 2021. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.113285

PRABHAKAR, Pavana; WAAS, Anthony M. Interaction between kinking and splitting in the compressive failure of unidirectional fiber reinforced laminated composites. Composite Structures, v. 98, p. 85–92, 1 abr. 2013. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.11.005

RAJABI, Ali; KADKHODAYAN, Mehran; GHANEI, Sadegh. An investigation into the flexural and drawing behaviors of GFRP-based fiber–metal laminate. Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures, v. 25, n. 10, p. 805–812, 27 jul. 2018. Disponível em: <https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/15376494.2017.1308587>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1080/15376494.2017.1308587

SALEM, Mokadem et al. Elastic-plastic analysis of the J integral for repaired cracks in plates. Advances in materials Research, v. 4, n. 2, p. 87–96, 25 jun. 2015. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.12989/amr.2015.4.2.087

SERIER, Nassim et al. A new formulation of the J integral of bonded composite repair in aircraft structures. Structural Engineering and Mechanics, v. 58, n. 5, p. 745–755, 10 jun. 2016. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.12989/sem.2016.58.5.745

TIWARY, Akash; KUMAR, Raman; CHOHAN, Jasgurpreet Singh. A review on characteristics of composite and advanced materials used for aerospace applications. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 51, p. 865–870, 1 jan. 2022. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.06.276

VENKATESAN, K. et al. Comparative structural analysis of advanced multi-layer composite materials. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 27, p. 2673–2687, 1 jan. 2020. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2019.11.247

VIDINHA, Hugo et al. Numerical Modeling of Damage Caused by Seawater Exposure on Mechanical Strength in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites. Polymers 2022, Vol. 14, Page 3955, v. 14, n. 19, p. 3955, 22 set. 2022. Disponível em: <https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/14/19/3955/htm>. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14193955

XIAN, Guijun; GUO, Rui; LI, Chenggao. Combined effects of sustained bending loading, water immersion and fiber hybrid mode on the mechanical properties of carbon/glass fiber reinforced polymer composite. Composite Structures, v. 281, p. 115060, 1 fev. 2022. Acesso em: 18 abr. 2024. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2021.115060

Downloads

Published

2024-04-29

How to Cite

Mokhtar, D., Medjahdi, M., Benderdouche, N., Chemrak, M. A., Mechab, B., Bestani, B., & Baillis, D. (2024). Experimental study of the mechanical and optical properties of glass-polyester fiber composite based on response surface methodology. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 1383–1402. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-071

Most read articles by the same author(s)