Optimizing self-compacting mortars with fillers from sustainable industrial by-products: evaluation of durability parameters

Authors

  • Ahmed Messaoud Djebara
  • Mohamed Mouli
  • Ramdane Chihaoui
  • Yassine Senhadji
  • Abdelkadir Medjahed
  • Ahmed Soufiane Benosman
  • Mehdi Seghiri
  • Karim Belmokretar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-038

Keywords:

industrial by-products, brick, ceramic, glass, self-compacting mortars, fillers, heat of hydration, mechanical resistance, durability parameter

Abstract

This study investigates the transformative potential of repurposing non-biodegradable industrial by-products, specifically glass, brick, and sanitary ceramic waste, as alternative fillers for self-compacting mortars (SCM). Positioned within the framework of sustainability and enhanced performance, we conduct an in-depth comparative analysis against traditional limestone fillers to ascertain the efficacy of these unconventional materials. Employing a comprehensive methodology, we conduct spreading tests, evaluate heat of hydration, and assess mechanical resistance. Additionally, we delve into key durability parameters, including water-accessible porosity and capillarity, to comprehensively understand the nuanced effects of diverse fillers on the characteristics of the resulting self-compacting mortars. The experimental timeline unfolds through a series of assessments, measuring compressive and tensile strengths at strategic intervals - 2, 7, 28, 90, 270, and 365 days post-application. After 270 days of maturation, our study rigorously examines durability parameters. The findings unequivocally reveal a significant enhancement in SCM performance when incorporating glass, brick, and sanitary ceramic waste as fillers, outperforming conventional limestone fillers. Of notable significance is the consistent superiority of ceramic fillers across a spectrum of metrics. This research significantly contributes to the understanding of sustainable repurposing of industrial by-products in construction. Moreover, it highlights the pivotal role played by ceramic fillers in elevating rheological, mechanical, and durability attributes of self-compacting mortars. Beyond its immediate implications, this study opens new avenues for environmentally responsible and economically viable construction materials, promising further advancements and innovation in the field.

References

Nguyen, H.-A., Enhancement of engineering properties of slag-cement based self-compacting mortar with dolomite powder. Journal of Building Engineering, 2019. 24: p. 100738.

doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100738.

Güneyisi, E. and M. Gesoğlu, Properties of self-compacting mortars with binary and ternary cementitious blends of fly ash and metakaolin. Materials and Structures, 2008. 41: p. 1519-1531.

doi: 10.1617/s11527-007-9345-7.

Choudhary, R., et al. Permeation, corrosion, and drying shrinkage assessment of self-compacting high strength concrete comprising waste marble slurry and fly ash, with silica fume. in Structures. 2021. Elsevier.

doi: 10.1016/j.istruc.2021.05.008

Esping, O., Effect of limestone filler BET (H2O)-area on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 2008. 38(7): p. 938-944.

doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2008.03.010.

Celik, K., et al., High-volume natural volcanic pozzolan and limestone powder as partial replacements for portland cement in self-compacting and sustainable concrete. Cement and concrete composites, 2014. 45: p. 136-147.

doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.09.003.

Siddique, R. and G. Kaur, Strength and permeation properties of self-compacting concrete containing fly ash and hooked steel fibres. Construction and Building Materials, 2016. 103: p. 15-22.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.11.044.

Granata, M.F., Pumice powder as filler of self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2015. 96: p. 581-590.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.08.040.

El Mir, A. and S.G. Nehme, Utilization of industrial waste perlite powder in self-compacting concrete. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2017. 156: p. 507-517.

doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.103

Ranjbar, M.M., et al., Effects of natural zeolite on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacted concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2013. 47: p. 806-813.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.05.097.

Ofuyatan, O.M., et al., Development of high-performance self compacting concrete using eggshell powder and blast furnace slag as partial cement replacement. Construction and Building Materials, 2020. 256: p. 119403.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119403.

Mustapha, F., et al., The effect of fly ash and silica fume on self-compacting high-performance concrete. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021. 39: p. 965-969.

doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.493.

Le, H.T., et al., The mix design for self-compacting high performance concrete containing various mineral admixtures. Materials & design, 2015. 72: p. 51-62.

doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.01.006.

Sobuz, M.H.R., et al., Performance evaluation of high-performance self-compacting concrete with waste glass aggregate and metakaolin. Journal of Building Engineering, 2023. 67: p. 105976.

doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2023.105976.

Danish, P. and G.M. Ganesh, Study on influence of Metakaolin and waste marble powder on self-compacting concrete–a state of the art review. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021. 44: p. 1428-1436.

doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.11.629.

Barkat, A., et al., Effects of local metakaolin addition on rheological and mechanical performance of self-compacting limestone cement concrete. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 2019. 33(9): p. 963-985.

doi: 10.1080/01694243.2019.1571737

Ahmad, W., et al., Sustainable approach of using sugarcane bagasse ash in cement-based composites: A systematic review. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 2021. 15: p. e00698.

doi: 10.1016/j.cscm.2021.e00698.

Khalil, M.J., M. Aslam, and S. Ahmad, Utilization of sugarcane bagasse ash as cement replacement for the production of sustainable concrete–A review. Construction and Building Materials, 2021. 270: p. 121371.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.121371.

Le, H.T. and H.-M. Ludwig, Effect of rice husk ash and other mineral admixtures on properties of self-compacting high performance concrete. Materials & Design, 2016. 89: p. 156-166.

doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.09.120.

Mehta, A. and D.K. Ashish, Silica fume and waste glass in cement concrete production: A review. Journal of Building Engineering, 2020. 29: p. 100888.

doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.100888.

Nunes, S., et al., Mixture design of self-compacting glass mortar. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2013. 43: p. 1-11.

doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.05.009.

Vanjare, M.B. and S.H. Mahure, Experimental investigation on self compacting concrete using glass powder. International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA), 2012. 2(3): p. 1488-1492.

Gokulnath, V., B. Ramesh, and K. Priyadharsan, Influence of M-Sand in self compacting concrete with addition of glass powder in M-25 grade. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020. 22: p. 535-540.

doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.08.188.

Gokulnath, V., B. Ramesh, and S. Suvesha, Influence on flexural properties of glass powder in self compacting concrete. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2020. 22: p. 788-792.

doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.10.153.

Alsaif, A., Utilization of ceramic waste as partially cement substitute–A review. Construction and Building Materials, 2021. 300: p. 124009.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.124009.

Sun, R., et al., Properties of self-consolidating concrete with recycled clay-brick-powder replacing cementitious material. Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials, 2014. 3(3-4): p. 211-219.

doi: 10.1080/21650373.2014.946542

Karatas, M., et al. Effect of elazig region waste brick powder on strength and viscosity properties of self compacting mortar. in Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Advances in Civil Engineering, Trabzon, Turkey. 2010.

Subaşı, S., H. Öztürk, and M. Emiroğlu, Utilizing of waste ceramic powders as filler material in self-consolidating concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2017. 149: p. 567-574.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.05.180.

Gautam, L., et al., Valorization of bone-china ceramic powder waste along with granite waste in self-compacting concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 2022. 315: p. 125730.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.125730.

Zhao, Z., et al., Substitution of limestone filler by waste brick powder in self-compacting mortars: Properties and durability. Journal of Building Engineering, 2021. 43: p. 102898.

doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102898.

Gołaszewski, J., et al., Mortar as a model to predict self-compacting concrete rheological properties as a function of time and temperature. Construction and building materials, 2016. 124: p. 1100-1108.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.08.136.

Felekoğlu, B., et al., The effect of fly ash and limestone fillers on the viscosity and compressive strength of self-compacting repair mortars. Cement and concrete research, 2006. 36(9): p. 1719-1726.

doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.04.002.

Ismail, I., N. Jamaluddin, and S. Shahidan, A review on performance of waste materials in self compacting concrete (SCC). Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences & Engineering), 2016. 78(5): p. 29-35.

doi: 10.11113/jt.v78.8233.

EFNARC, F., Specification and guidelines for self-compacting concrete. European federation of specialist construction chemicals and concrete system, 2002. http://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&btnG=Search&q=intitle:Specification+and+Guidelines+for+Self-Compacting+Concrete#0

Kheireddine, A., K. El-Hadj, and K. Farid, Effect of slag, natural pozzolana and metakaolin on mortar properties. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 2013. 5(8): p. 1652.

Palla, R., et al., High strength sustainable concrete using silica nanoparticles. Construction and Building Materials, 2017. 138: p. 285-295.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.01.129.

Bediako, M., Pozzolanic potentials and hydration behavior of ground waste clay brick obtained from clamp-firing technology. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 2018. 8: p. 1-7.

doi: 10.1016/j.cscm.2017.11.003

De Matos, P.R., et al., Self-compacting mortars produced with fine fraction of calcined waste foundry sand (WFS) as alternative filler: fresh-state, hydration and hardened-state properties. Journal of Cleaner Production, 2020. 252: p. 119871.

doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.119871.

Kadri, E.-H., et al., Influence of metakaolin and silica fume on the heat of hydration and compressive strength development of mortar. Applied Clay Science, 2011. 53(4): p. 704-708.

doi: 10.1016/j.clay.2011.06.008.

Şahmaran, M., H.A. Christianto, and İ.Ö. Yaman, The effect of chemical admixtures and mineral additives on the properties of self-compacting mortars. Cement and concrete composites, 2006. 28(5): p. 432-440.

doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2005.12.003.

Naceri, A. and M.C. Hamina, Use of waste brick as a partial replacement of cement in mortar. Waste management, 2009. 29(8): p. 2378-2384.

doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2009.03.026.

Uysal, M., et al., Investigation of using waste marble powder, brick powder, ceramic powder, glass powder, and rice husk ash as eco-friendly aggregate in sustainable red mud-metakaolin based geopolymer composites. Construction and Building Materials, 2022. 361: p. 129718.

doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.129718.

Ortigara, Y.V.B., et al., Influence of the use of sanitary ware waste in self-compacting concrete production. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2022. 65: p. 511-519.

doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2022.03.065.

Khan, M.N.N., A.K. Saha, and P.K. Sarker, Reuse of waste glass as a supplementary binder and aggregate for sustainable cement-based construction materials: A review. Journal of Building Engineering, 2020. 28: p. 101052.

doi: 10.1016/j.jobe.2019.101052.

Lin, K.-L., et al., Waste brick’s potential for use as a pozzolan in blended Portland cement. Waste Management & Research, 2010. 28(7): p. 647-652.

doi: 10.1177/0734242X09355853.

Massazza, F., Pozzolanic cements. Cement and Concrete composites, 1993. 15(4): p. 185-214.

doi: 10.1016/0958-9465(93)90023-3.

O'Farrell, M., S. Wild, and B. Sabir, Pore size distribution and compressive strength of waste clay brick mortar. Cement and Concrete Composites, 2001. 23(1): p. 81-91.

doi: 10.1016/S0958-9465(00)00070-6.

Published

2024-03-25

How to Cite

Djebara, A. M., Mouli , M., Chihaoui, R., Senhadji, Y., Medjahed, A., Benosman, A. S., Seghiri, M., & Belmokretar, K. (2024). Optimizing self-compacting mortars with fillers from sustainable industrial by-products: evaluation of durability parameters. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 667–691. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-038