Optimizing self-compacting mortars with fillers from sustainable industrial by-products: evaluation of durability parameters


  • Ahmed Messaoud Djebara
  • Mohamed Mouli
  • Ramdane Chihaoui
  • Yassine Senhadji
  • Abdelkadir Medjahed
  • Ahmed Soufiane Benosman
  • Mehdi Seghiri
  • Karim Belmokretar




industrial by-products, brick, ceramic, glass, self-compacting mortars, fillers, heat of hydration, mechanical resistance, durability parameter


This study investigates the transformative potential of repurposing non-biodegradable industrial by-products, specifically glass, brick, and sanitary ceramic waste, as alternative fillers for self-compacting mortars (SCM). Positioned within the framework of sustainability and enhanced performance, we conduct an in-depth comparative analysis against traditional limestone fillers to ascertain the efficacy of these unconventional materials. Employing a comprehensive methodology, we conduct spreading tests, evaluate heat of hydration, and assess mechanical resistance. Additionally, we delve into key durability parameters, including water-accessible porosity and capillarity, to comprehensively understand the nuanced effects of diverse fillers on the characteristics of the resulting self-compacting mortars. The experimental timeline unfolds through a series of assessments, measuring compressive and tensile strengths at strategic intervals - 2, 7, 28, 90, 270, and 365 days post-application. After 270 days of maturation, our study rigorously examines durability parameters. The findings unequivocally reveal a significant enhancement in SCM performance when incorporating glass, brick, and sanitary ceramic waste as fillers, outperforming conventional limestone fillers. Of notable significance is the consistent superiority of ceramic fillers across a spectrum of metrics. This research significantly contributes to the understanding of sustainable repurposing of industrial by-products in construction. Moreover, it highlights the pivotal role played by ceramic fillers in elevating rheological, mechanical, and durability attributes of self-compacting mortars. Beyond its immediate implications, this study opens new avenues for environmentally responsible and economically viable construction materials, promising further advancements and innovation in the field.


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How to Cite

Djebara, A. M., Mouli , M., Chihaoui, R., Senhadji, Y., Medjahed, A., Benosman, A. S., Seghiri, M., & Belmokretar, K. (2024). Optimizing self-compacting mortars with fillers from sustainable industrial by-products: evaluation of durability parameters. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 667–691. https://doi.org/10.54021/seesv5n1-038