An investigation on the effects of using TMD for vibration control on the response of high-rise buildings to seismic excitation


  • Ali Bousouar
  • Sallaheddine Harzallah
  • Bachir Nail
  • Imad Eddine Tibermacine



earthquakes, building, tuned mass damper, vibration control, displacement, accelerations reduction rates


This paper demonstrates that a tuned mass damper (TMD) is capable of effectively reducing vibration in high-rise buildings during seismic events. This study examines the effects of vibration control on the displacements and accelerations of controlled and uncontrolled buildings. It analyses their modal responses using an algorithm in MATLAB software. This study utilised instances of vibration control in models of a six-story and twelve-story skyscraper. The dynamic response of six-story buildings was assessed using two historical earthquakes, namely El Centro (1940) and Boumerdes (2003). The twelve-story skyscraper experienced two further significant earthquakes, namely Northridge (1994) and Kobe (1995). The building has undergone digital simulation, specifically modelling the displacement of the top story. Consequently, the structure equipped with the Tuned Mass Damper (TMD) system exhibits reduced displacement and acceleration compared to the structure without TMD. The implemented TMD system resulted in a displacement reduction of less than 45% in high-rise buildings subjected to seismic excitation.


Nassim Djedoui., Abdelhafid Ounis., Mahdi Abdeddaim (2016) .Active Vibration Control for Base-Isolated Structures Using a PID Controller Against Earthquakes. International Journal of Engineering Research in Africa, 26, 99–110. 10.4028/

Sinan Melih Nigdeli, Gebrail Bekdaş (2018). Optimum design of multiple positioned tuned mass dampers for structures constrained with axial force capacity. Struct Design Tall Spec Build, 28, 1–16.

A. Kaveh., Saeed mohammadi,.,K. hosseini., A. Keyhani., V.R. Kalatjari (2015).Optimum parameters of tuned mass dampers for seismic applications using charged system search. IJST, Transactions of Civil Engineering, 39, 21-40. 10.22099/IJSTC.2015.2739

Chen, G. and Wu, J. (2001). Optimal placement of multiple tuned mass dampers for seismic structures. J. Struct. Eng.-ASCE, 127(9), 1054-1062.

Zheng Lu., Kun Li.,Ying Zhou, M.ASCE.Comparative Studies on Structures with a Tuned Mass Damper and a Particle Damper. Journal of Aerospace Engineering.31,1-13.

Jaballah.M.S., Bachir Nail.,S. Harzallah(2022) . A Comparative Study on Hybrid Vibration Control of Base-isolated Buildings Equipped with ATMD. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research.12, 8652-8657.

Khatibinia M., H.Gholami., R. Kamgar.(2018). Optimal design of tuned mass dampers subjected to continuous stationary critical excitation. International Journal of Dynamics and Control. . 6, 1094–1104 .

Saman Bagheri., Vahid Rahmani-Dabbagh.,(2018). Seismic response control with inelastic tuned mass dampers. Engineering Structures.172, 712-722.

Mazzon. L., Giada Frappa., Margherita Pauletta(2022).Effectiveness of Tuned Mass Damper in Reducing Damage Caused by Strong Earthquake in a Medium-Rise Building. Applied sciences. 13, 1-24.

A. Di Matteo, C. Masnata, A. Pirrotta .(2019). Simplified analytical solution for the optimal design of TunedMass Damper Inerter for base isolated structures. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing.134,1-13.

Khazaei. M., R.Vahdani, and A. Kheyroddin.(2020). Optimal Location of Multiple Tuned Mass dampers in regular and irregular tall steel buildings. 1-20.

Hoanga. N., Yozo Fujinoa., Pennung Warnitchai.,(2008). Optimal tuned mass damper for seismic applications and practical design formulas. Engineering Structures.30, 707-715.

Qiong Wu., Xilu Zhao. Rencheng Zheng.(2016).Experimental Study on a Tuned-Mass Damper of Offshore for Vibration Reduction. Journal of Physic- Conference Series. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/744/1/012045

AFPS(2003).Mission report. Preliminary report-21 may 2003-BOUMERDES earthquake. Ministry of Housing-Algeria.

AFPS(2003).Mission report. LE SEISME DU 21 MAI 2003 EN ALGERIE.

Jianjun Tang., X. Kang., Z. Sheng., Feng Li., Jian Wu., Jiachen Wei., Qiwen Huang,Zhi Li., Fuyi Zhang.(2022).Optimal tuned inerter dampers for vibration control performance of adjacent Building Structures.13, 2-23.




How to Cite

Bousouar, A., Harzallah, S., Nail, B., & Tibermacine , I. E. (2024). An investigation on the effects of using TMD for vibration control on the response of high-rise buildings to seismic excitation. STUDIES IN ENGINEERING AND EXACT SCIENCES, 5(1), 02–18.