Fertilization with calcium nitrate and its influence on differen-tial growth of peach tree rootstocks in containers

Authors

  • Victor Mouzinho Spinelli
  • Aline das Graças Souza
  • Valmor João Bianchi
  • Willian Silva Barros
  • Luís Eduardo Panozzo
  • Deivid Araújo Magano
  • José Antônio Gonzalez da Silva
  • Luciana Barros Pinto
  • Jaqueline Machado de Oliveira

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54033/cadpedv21n3-223

Keywords:

Prunus Persica, Mineral Nutrition, Seedlingproduction

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate whether the different levels of fertilization with Ca(NO3)2 influenced the growth of rootstocks cultivated in packaging. The plant material used in the experiment was obtained from seeds produced by mother plants of the rootstock cultivar Tsukuba 1, and from two intraspecific F1 hybrids of Prunus persica, derived from reciprocal crossing, selections being NR 0080412 ('Capdeboscq' x ' Flordaguard') and NR 0280401 ('Flordaguard' x 'Capdeboscq'), all with purple leaves. The experimental design was completely randomized, in a 3 x 5 factorial scheme, with three genotypes and five different doses of nitrogen, in the form of calcium nitrate. Five replications were used for each treatment, with the experimental unit consisting of one plant. It was verified that the highest dose of Ca(NO3)2, provided the best quality of the seedlings, which was expressed in the highest DQI, for the three genotypes evaluated, highlighting the seedlings of the 'NR 0080412' selection, which also proved to be more vigorous in relation to the other evaluated genotypes.

References

ANTHONY, B.; SERRA, S.; MUSACCHI, S. Optimizationof light interception, leafareaandyield in “WA38”: Comparisonsamong training systems, rootstocksandpruningtechniques. Agronomy, v.10, n.5, p. 689, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050689

BENICASA, M; MORAES, P. Análise de Crescimento de Plantas (noções básicas). Jaboticabal. FUNEP. 2004. 42p.

BIANCHI, V.J.; RITTERBUSCH, C.W.; LUCHO, S.R.; RADMANN, E.B. Optimizing in vitro factors for improvement of shoot proliferation on Flordaguard peach rootstock. Iheringia Série Botânica, v. 76, p. 1-10, 2021. https://doi.org/10.21826/2446-82312021v76e2021011

COMISSÃO DE FERTILIDADE DO SOLO – RS/SC. Recomendação de adubação e de calagem para os estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina. Passo Fundo: SBCS-Núcleo Regional Sul, 3ed., 2004, 224 p.

CRUZ, C.D. Genes – a software package for analysis in experimental statisticsandquantitativegenetics. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy, v. 35, n.3, p. 271-276, 2013. https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v35i3.21251

DA SILVA, F. L.; LUCHO, S.R.; KLUMB, E.K.; BIANCHI, V.J. Selection of reference genes and expression of key genes involved in response to short-term soil flooding stress in Prunus persica rootstock -Tsukuba 1?.Gene Reports, v. 33, p. 101843, 2023.

DE AGUIAR JÚNIOR, L.V.; CANUL, K.G.R.; SCHIAVON, A.V.; DA FONSECA, F. L.; FERNANDO, J.A.; FARIAS, P.C.M.; HERTER, F.G.; BIANCHI, V.J. Características dos vasos do xilema e perda de condutividade hidráulica de quatro porta-enxertos de pessegueiros. Observatorio De La EconomíaLatinoamericana, v. 21, p. 7087-7102, 2023. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n7-068

DICKSON, A.; LEAF, A.L.; HOSNER, J.F. Quality appraisal of white spruce and white pine seedlings stock in nurseries. Forestry Chronicle, v. 36, n. 1, p. 10-13, 1960. https://doi.org/10.5558/tfc36010-1

LANG, C.P.; MERKT, N.; ZÖRB, C. Different nitrogen (N) forms affect responses to N form and N supply of rootstocks and grafted grapevines. Plant Science, v. 277, p. 311-321, 2018.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2018.10.004

LESMES-VESGA, R.A.; CANO, L.M.; RITENOUR, M.A.; SARKHOSH, A.; CHAPARRO, J.X.; ROSSI, L. Rootstocks for Commercial Peach Production in the Southeastern United States: Current Research, Challenges, and Opportunities. Horticulturae, v.8, n. 7, p. 602, 2022.https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8070602

KLUMB,E.K.; BRAGA, E.J.B.; BIANCHI, V.J. Differential expression of genes involved in the response of Prunus spp. rootstocks under soil flooding. Scientia Horticulturae, v. 261, p. 109038, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2019.109038

MAGOLBO, L.A.; CARMO, E.L.D.; GARCIA, E.L.; FERNANDES, A.M.; LEONEL, M. Dry matter accumulation and mineral nutrition of arracacha in response to nitrogen fertilization. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v. 50, n. 8, p. 669-680, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2015000800005

MAYER, N.A.; BIANCHI, V.J.; FELDBERG, N.P.; MORINI, S. Advances in peach, nectarineandplumpropagation. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, v. 39, p. 1-21, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452017355

MENEGATTI, R. D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J. Absorption and use of different sources and doses of NPK in the growth of 'Capdeboscq' and 'Flordaguard' rootstocks. Journal of plant nutrition, v. 45, p. 1149-1161, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2021.1998524 a

MENEGATTI, R.D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J. Nutritional status of BRS Rubimel peach plants in the nursery as a function of the rootstock. Acta scientiarum-agronomy, v. 44, p. 1-12, 2022. https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v44i1.54327 b

MENEGATTI, R.D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J.Different environments and doses of controlled-release fertilizer in peach rootstocks production. Advances in Horticultural Science, v. 34, p. 157-166, 2020. https://doi.org/10.13128/ahsc-7775

MENEGATTI, R.D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J.Nutritional efficiency for nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in peach rootstocks. Journal of plant nutrition, v. 44, p. 228-237, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2020.1806306

MENEGATTI, R.D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J. Growth and nutrient accumulation in three peach rootstocks until the grafting stage. ComunicataScientiae, v. 10, p. 467-476, 2019. https://doi.org/10.14295/cs.v10i4.3211 a

MENEGATTI, R. D.; BIANCHI, V.J. Características fisiológicas, nutricionais e de crescimento de porta-enxertos de pessegueiro submetidos a diferentes fontes e doses de fertilizantes. Acta Iguazu, v. 8, p. 64-77, 2019.ISSN: 2316-4093 b

MENEGATTI, R.D.; SOUZA, A.G.; BIANCHI, V.J.Research Article Estimating genetic divergence between peach rootstock cultivars using multivariate techniques based on characteristics associated with seeds. Genetics and Molecular Research, v. 18, p. 1-10, 2019 c. https://doi.org/10.4238/gmr18345

MORAES, M.P.; PARAGINSKI, J.A.; DE AGUIAR JÚNIOR, L.V.; BIANCHI, V.J. Associação entre fertilizantes e bioestimulante a base de micorriza na produção de mudas de Oleaeuropaea cv. -Koroneiki? em casa de vegetação. Contribuciones a lasCienciasSociales, v. 16, p. 9322-9339, 2023. ISSN: 1988-7833

MAHMOUDI, M.; KAZEMI, S. Response of Different Citrus Rootstocks to Sulfur Granular Compost and Nitrogen. Water and Soil, v. 35(4), 535-549, 2021. 10.22067/JSW.2021.70354.1053

PATIL, P.; BIRADAR, P.; BHAGAWATHI, A.U.; HEJJEGAR, I.S. A review on leaf area index of horticulture crops and its importance. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci, v. n. 74, p. 505-513, 2018.http://10.20546/ijcmas.2018.704.059

PICOLOTTO, L.; BIANCHI, V.J.; GAZOLLA NETO, A.; FACHINELLO, J.C. Diferentes misturas de substratos na formação de mudas de pessegueiro, em embalagem. Scientia Agraria, v.8, n.2, p.119-125, 2007. http://dx.doi.org/10.5380/rsa.v8i2.8375

PIMENTEL, U.V.; MARTINS, A.B.G.; BARBOSA, J.C.; CAVALLARI, L.L. Nutrição do porta-enxerto ‘Flying Dragon’. Revista Brasileira Fruticultura, v. 36, n. 2, p. 495-502, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-2945-193/13

ROSADO, L.D.S.; CREMASCO, J.P.G.; SANTOS, C.E.M.D.; BRUCKNER, C.H.; CORDEIRO, M.H.M.; BORGES, L.L. Evidence of maternal effect on germination and vigor of sour passion fruit. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, v. 42, 2020.https://doi.org/10.1590/0100-29452020002

SANTANA, A.; UBERTI, A.; ROCHA, J.R.; LUGARESI, A.; MAYER, N.A.; GIACOBBO, C.L. Simultaneous selection of peach rootstocks by mixedmodels. ComunicataScientiae, v. 11, p. e3357-e3357, 2020. https://doi.org/10.14295/CS.v11i0.3357

SOUZA, A.G.; RITTERBUSCH, C.W.; MENEGATTI, R.D.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; BIANCHI, V.J. . Nutritional Efficiency and Morphophysiological Aspects With Growth in the -Okinawa Roxo? Peach Rootstock. Journal of Agricultural Science, v. 11, p. 221-233, 2019.

SOUZA, A.G.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; FISCHER, C.; BIANCHI, V.J. Post-harvest management of Prunus persica stones and the effects on seed and seedling quality. ACS. Agriculturae Conspectus Scintificus, v. 84, p. 257-261, 2019. ISSN: 1331-7768

SOUZA, A. G.; MURARO, R.E.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; BIANCHI, V.J. Patents for the Morphophysiological Quality of Seedlings and Grafted Peach Trees: Effects of Nutrient Solution and Substrates. Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture, v. 9, p. 111-118, 2018. https://10.2174/2212798410666180508101641 a

SOUZA, A.G.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; BIANCHI, V.J. Characterization biometric and morphophysiological of Peach rootstock seeds using images of their seedling vigor. Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture, v. 10, p. 65-78, 2018. https://10.2174/2212798410666180426155013 b

SOUZA, A.G.; SPINELLI, V.M.; SOUZA, R.O.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; BIANCHI, V.J. Optimization of germination and initial quality of seedlings of Prunus persica tree rootstocks. JournalofSeed Science, v. 39, p. 166-173, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1545v39n2171687

SOUZA, A.G.; SMIDERLE, O.J.; SPINELLI, V.M.; SOUZA, R.O.; BIANCHI, V.J. Correlation of biometrical characteristics of fruit and seed with twinning and vigor of Prunus persica rootstocks. JournalofSeed Science, v. 38, p. 322-328, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1590/2317-1545v38n4164650

SOUZA KULMANN, M.S.; SETE, P.B.; DE PAULA, B.V.; STEFANELLO, L.O.; SCHWALBERT, R.; SCHWALBERT, R.A.; BRUNETTO, G. Kinetic parametersgovern of the uptake of nitrogen forms in ‘Paulsen’and ‘Magnolia’grapevinerootstocks. ScientiaHorticulturae, v.264, p.109-174, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109174

SPINELLI, V.M.; ULGUIM, L.I.C.; ZANANDREA, I.; BIANCHI, V.J. ; BARROS, W. S.; PANOZZO, L.E.; FABIÃO, M.B.; MAGANO, D.A. Teste de germinação em seedlings de porta-enxertos de pessegueiro. Observatorio de laEconomíaLatinoamericana, v. 21, p. 9804-9816, 2023. https://doi.org/10.55905/oelv21n8-106

SPINELLI, V.M.; BIANCHI, V.J.; ULGUIM, L.I.C.; BARROS, W.S.; SILVA, J.A.G.; CARVALHO, I.R.; MAGANO, D.A.; PANOZZO, L.E. Comparação do crescimen-to de seedlings de porta-enxertos de pessegueiro a campo. Delos: Desarrollo Local Sostenible, v. 17, p. 74-97, 2024. B

TORRES, J.D.; DE ARAÚJO, L.F.B.; ESPINDULA, M.C.; CAMPANHARO, M.; ROCHA, R. B.Export of macronutrients for coffee fruits submitted to different doses of formulation 20-00-20. Journal of plant nutrition, v. 45, p. 1-11, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2022.2027975

TONOSAKI, K.; FUJIMOTO, R.; DENNIS, E.S.; RABOY, V.; OSABE, K. Will epigenetics be a key player in crop breeding? Frontiers in Plant Science, v. 13, n. 958350, 2022.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2022.958350

RICKES, L.N.; KLUMB, E.K.; BENITEZ, L.C.; BRAGA, E.J.B.; BIANCHI, V. J. Stable reference genes for studies of gene expression in Prunus persica under water deficit. Australian Journal of Crop Science, v. 10, p. 1348-1356, 2016. https:// 10.21475/ajcs.2016.10.097864

WANG, M.; SHI, S.; LIN, F.; HAO, Z.; JIANG, P.; DAI, G. Effects of soil water and nitrogen on growth and photosynthetic response of Manchurian Ash (Fraxinus mandshurica) seedlings in Northeastern China. PloSone, v. 7, n. 2, p. 30754, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030754

ZHANG, K.; WU, Y.; HANG, H. Differential contributions of NO3−/NH4+ to nitrogen use in response to a variable inorganic nitrogen supply in plantlets of two Brassicaceae species in vitro. Plant Methods, v. 15, p. 1-12, 2019https://10.1186/s13007-019-0473-1

ZHOU, J.; CIERAAD, E.; VAN BODEGOM, P.M. Global analysis of trait–trait relationships within and between species. New Phytologist, v.233, n. 4, p.1643-1656, 2022. https://10.1111/nph.17879

ZHU, Y.; QI, B.; HAO, Y.; LIU, H.; SUN, G.; CHEN, R.; SONG, S. Appropriate NH4+/NO3–ratio triggers plant growth and nutrient uptake of flowering Chinese cabbage by optimizing the pH value of nutrient solution. Frontiers in Plant Science, v. 12, n. 656144, 2021.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.656144

Published

2024-03-29

How to Cite

Spinelli, V. M., Souza, A. das G., Bianchi, V. J., Barros, W. S., Panozzo, L. E., Magano, D. A., Silva, J. A. G. da, Pinto, L. B., & Oliveira, J. M. de. (2024). Fertilization with calcium nitrate and its influence on differen-tial growth of peach tree rootstocks in containers. Caderno Pedagógico, 21(3), e3503. https://doi.org/10.54033/cadpedv21n3-223

Issue

Section

Articles